Plum are the one of the first fruit cultivated by humans. The juicy flesh has a firm texture that is common with many European plums. The plum types are generally available in the Okanagan Valley beginning in early to mid August. It is believed that this type of fruit species was first cultivated in Syria and then in Rome; during the Crusades, the Romans introduced European plums to the Western part of Europe. To make the most of pluots, you will have to look for fresh, fragrant plums that are firm and vibrant in their appearance. Dried prune plums: Today about 70 percent of the world’s dried plum supply, and nearly 100 percent of domestic dried plums, come from California prune plum orchards. Depending on the variety of plum, a single plum measures between 0.7” and 2.7” (2 – 7 cm). There is hardly any tartness in the taste, and many say that the sweet taste is reminiscent of cherry-flavored fruit punch. You can use this plum in cooking as its firm flesh and sweet-sour taste adds flavor and texture to many dishes. Although they all bear the same basic type of fruit, their taste varies from tart and spicy, to sweet and perfumed. They can … Some European varieties are thought to come from the Prunus domestica, a wild plum tree that grows near the Caspian Sea. It has been estimated that each plum contains a gram of fiber, a half-gram of protein, 6.5 grams of sugar, 30 calories only, and no fat or cholesterol. Unlike other varieties of plums, the center of black ruby is freestone which means that the stone easily separates from the flesh. Like its skin, the flesh also differs as some are red in color while others in lighter tones of yellow. Damson plum: These plum varieties are medium in size and round in shape with thick skin, juicy and yellow skin They start ripening in 1st week of June, the average yield can be expected during 40 kg /tree. To ensure the healthy growth of Moyer Plums, plant its crop with other European plum varieties like Brooks Plum. However, Owen T is regarded as the largest plum as it measures up to 3 inches in width and weighs almost half a pound. Also known as Prunus salicina, Japanese plums are quite round and require at least 140 to 170 days to mature. Two varieties that are excellent for fresh eating and canning are 'Satsuma', a large, dark red, sweet plum, and 'Santa Rosa', a large plum with crimson skin and purple flesh that turns yellow near the skin. They can have black, purple, red, or yellow colored skin. This plum cultivar is usually ripe for eating in mid- to late summer. This helps give the dish more a come-together appearance and texture. Also known as lemon plums, yellow plums are relatively smaller and rounder variety of plums that possess both yellow skin and flesh. The skin on these round plums is a dark purple color with hints of a blue dusty wax coating. Plums are widely cultivated throughout the world, and many varieties are adapted to a range of soils and climatic conditions. Plum - some are cooking and some are eating. Greengage plum trees blossom in spring, and the bumper crops are ready by late summer and early fall. Following are some of the main types of Japanese plums that are dominating the commercial supply of plums. The dark-red skin covers golden-yellow flesh that has a pleasantly sweet flavor. They are also one of the first trees to flower in spring. So, to make your selection easier, we decided to take four of the very best cultivars available, including the Burbank, Stanley, Santa Rosa, and MT … Cultivated cherry plums can have fruits, foliage, and flowers in any of several colors. Search AC Nursery. The red ones have a sweet-tart flavor, and the yellow varieties are smaller, rounder and are also called lemon plums. Giulietta F1 Red 70–80 Hybrid Large Plum Standard Regular Leaf A V F N T A large fruited ‘Italian’ plum variety, which set well, even under cool conditions. You can also use them to make delectable jams, reductions, compotes, and a wide variety of alcohol. Along with this, the taste, the amount of water, and the contribution of nutrients they contain can vary. America’s romance with heirloom produce means more plum varieties each year. (Harvest dates are approximate for south central PA. These plum varieties grow best in areas where peach trees thrive, and are considered more fragile than the other two kinds of plum trees. All these have their uses, so the final choice is usually a personal one. Dried prune plums are available both with and without pits, and … Two popular types of Japanese plum trees are the Satsuma and the Santa Rosa. On the other hand, other types of Japanese plums are “clingstone” in which the flesh is fast attached to the pit. These large plums have bluish-dark purple skins surrounding sweet flesh that is a light yellow color. The flavors that work best with greengage plums include nutmeg, tropical fruits, vanilla, butter, chocolate, citrus, and tropical flavors. Also, the soft flesh of the fruit means that it doesn’t travel well, so you will usually only find these plums sold in France. Biting into ‘Santa Rosa’ plums reveals a thin skin that covers plump, juicy flesh. Both these varieties of black plums are recently introduced and are considered to be amongst the large plum varieties. They are usually sold fresh and plump, having a pleasantly sweet flavor. Not all varieties of plums can be used for making prunes. Black plums get their name from the dark purple skin that surrounds their flesh. You will find out about the best plums for eating fresh and about the ones that are tastiest in cooked and baked food. Many of the fresh plums sold in stores and supermarkets are types of Japanese black plums. Hints of tartness from the black skin combined with the sweetness of the beet-colored flesh make these plums a variety to look for. There are tons of plum varieties to choose from. As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases. This plum variety is considered one of the best European plums for its shape and taste. There are different types and varieties of plums for every taste. Elephant Heart plum. Growers can cross these types of fruits to create new types of deliciously sweet stone fruits. Taste and disease resistance are ... BELLE DE LOUVAIN. This plum variety is a great all-rounder as it’s one of the most versatile types of black plum you can grow. These delicious plums are best eaten fresh due to their juicy flesh. During this time, more than three hundred varieties of plum tree appeared. Black plums have mild to sweet taste and are usually used in tarts to add texture to baked dishes. Two-Story 5-Bedroom Southern Style Renville Home (Floor Plan), The Internet’s Brain Just Broke Over Blue Baby Yoda Cookies, I Threw Tofu on a Waffle Iron and it Was Revolutionary, The Turkey Tail (The Medicinal Mushroom of Immunity), Shanxiao Sales Pavilion, Chongqing by aoe, The Dos, Maybes, and Don’ts of Composting. Typically, they are used in dishes such as plum tarts as they don’t fall apart when baked or cooked. Plum Varieties. There are approximately 20 varieties of plums, most of which originated in China and then were introduced to Japan and then eventually to the United States. in the shoots having terminal bud and solitary side buds (not clustered), the flowers in groups of one to five together on short stems, and the fruit having a groove running down one side and a smooth stone (or pit). In the United States, plum varieties that dehydrate without fermenting are called prunes. Use this list to help choose fruit trees which yield fruit at different times throughout the season. One of the reasons why this type of plum is a popular variety for eating fresh is that it’s a freestone variety. They are a late-season plum variety that ripe in late July and August. One of the beauties of ‘Black Splendor’ plums is that they are a large variety of plum that ripens early in the season. The most commom variety of plum used for making prunes is the European plum. European plums can be found in a number of varieties, varying in their colors and flavors. But research shows that they have the highest sugar level. There are different types and varieties of plums for every taste. Plum Nutritional Chart. ‘Friar’ plums are popular large Japanese plums with sweet, juicy flesh. Plums are related to other drupes such as apricots, peaches, and nectarines. The greengage plum is one of the few green varieties of plums when they are ripe. If it is just slightly soft, it is ready for eating. And if you only have space for just one, well, the decision is a tough one. This drupe fruit is extremely juicy when biting into its firm flesh. Although the plum is juicy, it has a firm flesh, making this a popular variety to eat fresh. And not the last place in this series is the plum Mirabel. The tarter cultivars are suitable for using in baking or making jellies. There are around 40 species of plums, and a single plum tree can yield around 100 lbs. Plum Tree Varieties Cherry Plum. Mature plum fruits have a dusty-white waxy coating making them appear pale gray or bluish-green. A new variety of plum which in most areas is more than a match for most other varieties. Still there are so many varieties of plums which are really very yummy and tasty. Research shows that 90% of yellow plums that are commercially cultivated are either made into jams or fruit brandy. Plum, Prunus domestica / Rosaceae There are two types of varieties, the European, that contain less water and more soluble solids, suitable to be dried, and the Japanese, more juicy for fresh consumption. The sweet varieties of Myrobalan plums are delicious when eaten fresh. Owen T plums flaunt attractive bluish-black skin with sweet yellowish flesh. We carry two main groups of plums: Japanese and European. However, they need to be protected against bacteria and that can be done with the use of Bacterial Canker. These sweet plums have a wonderful balance between sweetness and tartness. Japanese black plums can be further divided into more types which are as follows: Black Ruby is a fairly round and reddish-brown plum with yellowish-orange flesh. Friar plums take time to mature as they are usually ripe three weeks after Black Ruby. The Chickasaw plum (Prunus angustifolia), sometimes called the sandhill plum, features black bark, red branches and green leaves that turn light yellow in the autumn. Botanical description Mirabel is a group of varieties of plums that grow on medium-growth trees, having a root in the form of … John encourages potential plum growers to do their homework and find out which varieties best suit their tastebuds and climates. Similar to the French Prune, the Italian prune variety is a large, oblong, egg-shaped plum with a powdery coating on purple-blue skin. Botanically classified as Prunus domestica, greengage plums are sold out in the summer season by over a dozen cultivars such as Imperial Gage, Reine Claude, Bryanston, Golden Transparent, Laxton’s Gage, and Cambridge Gage. The red flesh is tart and sweet, and the skin tastes like berries. (230 g) and measure a whopping 3” (7.5 cm) across. This freestone plum variety has green-amber juicy flesh that turns a deep fuchsia color when cooked. Sometimes dark-skinned Moyer plums are sold as Italian prunes or French prunes. Compared to other dark-skinned plums, the ‘Black amber’ has firm flesh and distinct tartness to the taste. Before looking at the many varieties of plums and prunes, let’s look at some of the delicious plum hybrid fruits that are popular. (Harvest dates are approximate … The round plums have a bluish appearance due to the waxy coating that covers most types of prunes. The crop is ready for picking in late August, and the trees usually produce a bumper crop. These medium- to large-sized plums have a round shape. Did you know that you can store greengage plums for up to a week? and then introduced to Northern Europe. One of two tomato varieties that inspired the creation of the Seed Savers Exchange. Commercially the plums pass through a food dehydrator for 21 hours at 190F in order to remove moisture content of the fruit. This plum cultivar is similar to the ‘Owen T’ variety in size. Black plums usually range from bright red to deep purple color and come with a mild to sweet taste. The most popular type of plums now are Japanese plums and come in black, red and yellow colors. These make up some of the best plums for the UK climate. Unlike Japanese plums, they come in an oval shape with lemony green-yellow skin and prominent patches of reddish-blue color. The subgenus is distinguished from other subgenera (peaches, cherries, bird cherries, etc.) Blufre (or 'Blue Free') plums are a dark blue-black with a firm, greenish yellow flesh. European Plums. It is also sold as Dinosaur Eggs. Generally, yellow plums are used for making dessert pies, jams, fruit preserves, juices, and plum brandy. Depending on the variety, a plum may be green, red, purple, or yellow, and all have smooth, edible skin and sweet flesh surrounding a pit. It is a large reddish-grey skin plum with an amber flesh. This is a relatively new plum that tastes utterly delicious and comes in a bluish-black color. If you have been enjoying only one kind of plum, then we are afraid to break it to you that you are missing out on a lot of joy and amazing flavors! This species of plum is delicious fresh and is often dried to create sweet prunes. Plum Varieties . Unlike many other varieties of plums, damsons are high in sugar with an astringent taste. Avoid soggy or soft pluots as chances are they haven’t ripened quite well. There are approximately 20 varieties of plums, most of which originated in … This stone fruit is exceedingly juicy when firm and soft. Pluots are a sweet, hybrid fruit with smooth reddish skin and yellowish flesh. In good soil plum trees will bear fruit in 3-5 years from planting out. The intensely sweet, juicy flesh also makes this a perfect plum for snacking on. Search AC Nursery. In order to grow Mirabelle plums at your home garden, you will first have to find an authentic and reliable supplier that can provide you with good-quality plum saplings. It is native to Europe and Asia. However, the deep red-colored flesh is very sweet that offsets the bitter-tasting skin. Damson - another cooking plum, but sweeter than the bullace. European plums grow well in a variety of soils, including heavy clay. Although Italian prune plums are suitable for eating fresh, most of the harvest is dried to create prunes. You will require big space and have to consider regular care and maintenance for these beautiful plums to grow healthy. Black Beauty ranges from medium size to full large size in deep purple color. These plums ripen later in the season than ‘Owen T’ plums. Moyer plums are a common purple plum and one of the most popular varieties. The other type of massive dark-skinned plum is the ‘John W’ cultivar. Plums can be divided into two major groups: Japanese plums and European plums. Similar to peaches and cherries, plums are a rich source of vitamin A and vitamin C and various antioxidants. Considered as the best European type of plum, Moyer plums are longer in shape and less round which is quite unlike typical plums. You can find a number of varieties of pluots at a market – Dapple Dandy, Flavor Grenade, Flavorglo, and Dinosaur Egg. There are several different cherry plum cultivars that produce small plums ranging in taste from sweet to tart. ‘Santa Rosa’ plums are drupes that have reddish-purple skin with juicy strawberry-colored flesh. Fruit Trees > Plum Trees > Plum Varieties European Varieties Japanese Varieties. Plumcots, apriums, and pluots are all naturally developed fruits that combine varieties of plums and apricots. Did you know that plums are probably the first type of fruit cultivated by humans? The plums are small and round and have a delicious honey-sweet taste. Buying Plums By Appearance Customers, even avid fans of plums, tend to remember and seek out their favorites by shape, skin, and flesh color rather than by name. Plum Varieties. Otherwise, the fruit may lose its original flavor and may not taste as vigorous as it ought to. Quince, an uncommon type of fruit, is prized by some for its attractive flowers and unique … Gage - eating (desert) plums. Damsons are a popular dark-skinned European variety of plum that has tart-flavored flesh and skin. ‘Owen T’ plums are usually ready for eating in mid-season. Satsuma plums are a Japanese variety of medium to small red round plums. These are extremely sweet plums that have dark burgundy to purple skin and juicy yellow-orange to amber flesh. Types of Coconuts: Green, Brown, White and More Varieties from Around the World (With Pictures and N... Types of Red Berries That Grow on Trees or Shrubs: Identification Guide with Pictures and Names, Types of Peaches: Freestone, Clingstone and More Peach Stone Types, Types of Cauliflower: Delicious Cauliflower Varieties From Around the World (With Images), Types of Plums: Black, Red, and More Varieties (With Pictures) – Including Plumcots, Apriums, and Pluots, Types of Peaches: Freestone, Clingstone and More, Types of Citrus Fruits With their Picture and Classification, Types of Cherries: Varieties of Sweet and Tart (Sour) Cherries. Also known as Prunus domestica, this dry variety of plums boasts an oblong sort of shape and is often labeled as “fresh prunes” in the markets. A plum is a fruit of the subgenus Prunus of the genus Prunus. As you will see, there are several options for this fruit, in addition to the typical purple or red ones. A single plum can weigh up to 8 oz. It’s at this time when the fruits are at their sweetest. Consumers of greengage plums suggest that these beautiful-looking fruits have dense and juicy flesh, having the right balance of honey-like sweetness and subtle acidity of citrus fruits. These plum varieties are somewhat shy bearing but its fruits have a very good quality. As its name suggests, the elephant heart plum is a large, heart-shaped stone fruit. These are some of the the sweetest form of plum and they have a distinct 'plum' fragrance. CAMBRIDGE GAGE. The ‘Black amber’ variety of plum gets its name from the black, slightly tart skin and juicy amber-colored flesh. Plums are typically categorized by European, Japanese, hybrid and American types. Although called a satsuma plum, they have nothing to do with the citrus fruit. The drupe fruit has a long, oblong shape similar to a small pear. The following are the few popular types of European plums that are worth your read. Mexican Plum. The best quality is that Mayor Plums do not get affected by pests. Unlike Black Beauty and Friar, Black Splendor is quite an early-season plum and can be harvested around June 5 to June 20. Maturity Chart. Pluot: This is another hybrid, a cross between a plumcot and a plum, so though there is apricot somewhere in the mix, this fruit looks distinctly like a plum. These sweet-tart flavored fruits were loved and praised by Confucius – a Chinese teacher, politician, and philosopher as it can be observed from his several written pieces of work. A grafted combination of two Plum varieties, the 2-in-1 Cherry Plum/Sprite Delight tree is an independent cross-pollinator and produces a combination of sweet and tangy fruits. Two varieties that are excellent for fresh eating and canning are 'Satsuma', a large, dark red, sweet plum, and 'Santa Rosa', a large plum with crimson skin and purple flesh that turns yellow near the skin. Friars feature a round shape with a dark-violet to brightly black color. As the fruit ripens on the plum tree, its sweetness intensifies. BLUE TIT. The fruit is grown throughout the world, though China, Romania, Serbia, and the United States lead commercial cultivation. This plum variety is classified as a Japanese plum variety, and they taste delicious when eaten fresh. Plums are delicious fruits that grow on trees and are classified in the genus Prunus. With a crisp and firm texture, these fruits are juicy and provide maximum quality of plumpness to the consumer. You can find these fruits in medium to large sizes with moist, reddish flesh. Plums are usually categorized into Japanese plums (Prunus salicina) and European plums (Prunus domestica). According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Agricultural Research Service, the trees of these two types of plums yield a large number of plum crops with Owen T in the midseason while John W in the late season. These fruits are black in colour with thick skin. This round plum is one of the few sweet plum varieties that ripens in mid-summer. The fruits are have a sharpish taste and are ideal for pies, tarts and jams. There are several cultivars in the damson subspecies Prunus domestica insititia. The purple-blue skin covers firm yellowish-green flesh that has a sour taste. With so many health benefits, it is good to know that plums come in a wide range of variety. Most Japanese varieties require a … Most Japanese black plums are clingstone varieties. However, the truth is greengage plums are naturally green in color even when they become mature. Get your hands on all these different types of plums and either eat them raw or cook/bake them into luscious dishes like cakes, pastries, pies, biscuits, etc. Once matured, they flaunt firm and crisp flesh and can easily be imported to other countries without getting damaged on their way. European Plums. Dark red to purple mottled skin covers sweet juicy red flesh that has a firm texture. If the flesh feels hard or doesn’t give slightly, you need to wait until it ripens. Quince. Brought to the US from Bavaria in 1883 by Michael Ott. The common European plum ( P. domestica ) probably originated in the region around the Caucasus and the Caspian Sea and is at least 2,000 years old. To let them survive for this long, you will need to refrigerate the plums. Satsuma plums are a semi-clingstone variety, meaning that the flesh partially clings to the stone. Plums grow in a rainbow of jewel colors, having been grown and hybridized by orchardists for millennia from a variety of parent species. They are prized for their sweet taste, golden yellow flesh, and lack of tartness. Each has its advantages. Red plums also happen to be a wise choice for those looking for ways to lose their weight. The maroon skins on this plum variety tend to be firm and tough with a sour flavor. Moyer plums are large plums with a long oval shape and high sugar content. Tulare Giant - The Tulare Giant is a new Japanese plum variety. To help you out in discovering different types of plums, keep on reading this blog post. These Japanese plums tend to be larger in size than European red plums. AVALON PLUM TREE. The Japanese plum tree produces juicer plums, but the flavor of the fruits is less sweet than the European plums. Inside, the flesh of plums is soft and juicy, and it usually has an amber color. Japanese plums are the most common fresh plum available for sale due to a longer shelf life than European plums. They are firm and crisp which is why they are commonly used in making mint salsa. The red ones have a sweet-tart flavor, and the yellow varieties are smaller, rounder and are also called lemon plums. They are oval shaped and have soft skin and sweet flesh. These utterly syrupy plums are famous for their use in a variety of jams, baked goodies, jellies, and fruit brandy (eau de vie). Types of European plums are usually very sweet with juicier flesh and are used in baking or for making jams and jellies. They consist of phenolic compounds that prevent LDL cholesterol from clogging into your bloodstream and thus lower the risk of a heart attack or stroke. This type of sweet Japanese plum has dark red to purple mottled skin and … Other varieties of plums are extremely sweet with dark purple skin and amber-colored flesh. Fragrant, white flowers bloom from February through May, and edible red plums ripen late in the summer. China is the world’s largest producers of plums. Apart from growing small cherry-like plums, these plum trees are popular backyard ornamental types of fruit trees. Some popular cultivars are ‘Blue Violet,’ ‘Shropshire Prune,’ Common Damson,’ and ‘Frogmore.’. And not the last place in this series is the plum Mirabel. Eat this one fresh because its incredible sweetness is rivaled by few other varieties . While you can grow your very own Mirabelle plums in your home garden, the most genuine Mirabelle fruit is only grown in France. There are many varieties of plums ranging in taste from sweet to tart. Adjust accordingly for other locations.) Santa Rosa plums are suitable for many uses, including eating fresh or using in baked goods. Japanese varieties are usually earlier blooming, fleshier, softer and juicier. Cutting open the soft skin reveals sweet amber flesh and a stone in the middle. Some types of plums have a red sour flavored-skin that surrounds sweet juicy yellow flesh. Depending on the variety, greengage plums can range from a small to medium size and flaunt pale yellow-green to bright lime with red specks as their skin surface. Plums belong to the same family as peaches, nectarines, and apricots. The flesh is so soft and juicy that some say it’s almost like drinking juice. The ‘John W’ plum variety has deep red-purple colored skin that surrounds deep orange flesh. Some groups of people believe that plums were carried to Rome around 200 B.C. These sweet plums are sometimes called Mirabelle prunes or cherry plums. But plums are much more diverse than their stone-fruit cousins. This late-season plum is sweet, juicy, and has a small pit. Japanese varieties tend to be oval- or heart-shaped and come in yellow, black, or red varieties. One simple and easy method to ripen Black Beauty is by keeping it in a paper bag and leaving it at room temperature. P. cerasifera (cherry plum) Prunus cerasifera is a species of plum known by the common names cherry plum and myrobalan plum. Commonly referred to as Mirabelle prunes or cherry plums, Mirabelle plums are a surprisingly small and sweet fruit, that are commonly grown in the Lorraine region of France. These delicious fruits can be ideally picked in late summers to early autumns. Both are great for jam and jelly recipies, and … You can bite into the sweet flavorsome flesh and the stone comes away fairly easily. POPULAR PLUM TREE VARIETIES IN THE UK. Unfortunately, they can’t be imported to other countries due to difficulties concerning the import of fresh and excellent quality of products. Due to their impeccable sweet taste, Mayor Plums are often labeled as “sugar plums”. The skin color of red plums varies from light red to dark purple. Plums belonging to each of these groups have a different skin/flesh color, flavor, and seasonality. You may also find Moyer plums being sold as Italian plums, French prunes, Italian prunes, or just fresh prunes. Depending on the greengage plum cultivar, the green skin can have hints of red blushing or yellow on it.

varieties of plum

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