When researching information on professional registration policies and procedures, always refer to the regulator to ensure accurate, up-to-date information. Licensing and Certification. profession. As such students are expected to know the requirements and responsibilities expected of members of the engineering profession. Software engineers are not covered by the governmental regulatory bodies in Canada. Software engineering still has no commonly accepted body of knowledge. Image Credit: Paysa The Future of Jobs. license. The IEEE Computer Society and the ACM, the two main US-based professional organizations of software engineering, publish guides to the profession of software engineering. You Enjoy Teamwork. A person must be granted the “professional engineer” licence to have the right to practise professional software engineering as a Professional Engineer in Ontario. Therefore, they require of professionals who master different areas of information technology. 6.03. Become a CIPS Corporate Partner Today! Five years ago I might have said YES, but I changed my mind. Recently the engineering community has sought to restrict who has the right to teach it, and even more importantly, has intimated their intention to restrict who has the right to practice what the engineering profession deems to be software engineering. Right now there is no formal licensing for software engineering. Evaluating engineering programs offered outside of Canada, About the board which accredits undergraduate engineering programs which provide requirements for licensure in Canada, We are seeking stakeholder feedback on recommendations 1 and 2 of the 2018 AU Task Force Report, How to become a licensed Engineer in Canada, A set of topics used by the regulators to check an applicant’s academic knowledge, Requirements and procedures for working in different provinces and territories, For engineers seeking to move to Canada, and Canadians working abroad, See some of the top reasons why people choose engineering, Being a licensed engineer is required by law if you plan to call yourself an engineer and practise engineering in Canada, The 12 provincial and territorial engineering regulators that we work for, Recommendations on professional requirements, programs for members of the regulators, assessment tools for international graduates, Search for guidelines developed by provincial and territorial engineering regulators and Engineers Canada, Ensuring the federal government addresses the public interest concerns of the engineering profession, Revisiting designs to improve safety and protect Canadians in light of climate change, Consensus positions on key issues relating to the public interest, Bringing the expertise and the experience of the professional engineer to government, Statements on various national issues that relate to engineering, The key to a sustainable engineering profession is ensuring it is supported by as many views as possible, Engineers Canada leads a number of initiatives that encourage youth to discover their passion for engineering, Attracting and retaining Indigenous peoples in the engineering profession, Increasing the participation of women in the engineering profession, Providing practical information to international engineering graduates on becoming part of the Canadian engineering profession, Trends in various aspects of the labour market, enrolment, employment etc, Graduating students’ familiarity with the profession, initial motivations, future plans and undergraduate experiences, Looking at current supply and demand for engineers and projects to the year 2025, Assessing trends in engineering enrolment and degrees awarded, Information about the members of the engineering profession in Canada, This report is intended to support the development of engineering access programs for Indigenous peoples across Canada, Research on Canadian’s perceptions of the value, impact, opportunities and challenges of the engineering profession, Insurance plans, financial and other services for your family and you, Get consent to use registered engineering terms, Provides engineers with the additional knowledge and competencies they need to plan, design and manage resilient infrastructure in the face of a changing climate, Facilitates registration on the International Professional Engineers Agreement (IPEA) register and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Engineers Agreement (APEC EA) register, News from and relating to Engineers Canada and Canada's Provincial and Territorial Regulators, Stay informed and learn more about Engineers Canada's events, Canada’s biggest celebration of engineering happens every March. Last but not least, while we strongly encourage professionalism through accreditation and certification, employers should be able to recruit and employ whomever they deem best for their needs, to decide for themselves the qualifications necessary in a software engineer without outside interference. Regulated occupations: An occupation controlled by provincial and territorial (and sometimes federal) law, and governed by a regulatory body.About 20 per cent of jobs are in regulated occupations. Image Credit: Paysa The Future of Jobs. The software concerns the public interest (ie. Software-based translations do not approach the fluency of a native speaker or possess the skill of a professional translator. Soon after, the Software Engineering Licensure Consortium took steps to make the licensing exam a reality. The Software Engineering Professional Practice knowledge area (KA) is concerned with the knowledge, skills, and attitudes that software engineers must possess to practice software engineering in a professional, responsible, and ethical manner. In 1997, the Canadian Council of Professional Engineers (CCPE) and The Association of Professional Engineers and Geoscientists of Newfoundland sued the Memorial University of Newfoundland (MUN). Some professions and trades are regulated in Canada to protect public health and safety. 12-22. Regulated occupations: An occupation controlled by provincial and territorial (and sometimes federal) law, and governed by a regulatory body.About 20 per cent of jobs are in regulated occupations. 6.02. To become licensed by Professional Engineers Ontario (PEO), you must: Be at least 18 years of age. On this issue CIPS strongly opposes the CCPE, and asks members to use their resources and contacts to resist CCPE's well financed intent. The regulation and enforcement of software engineering practice has proven to be a difficult task, because activities such as software programming may often appear to overlap with software engineering. Note: Many professions are not regulated but will still have professional associations that grant certifications. There are thousands of software developers working in industry, but who may not fulfill the necessary requirements to obtain a professional engineer’s licence. This autonomous council accredits four-year university programs in computer science and software engineering. CIPS encourages sharing SE programs wherever possible as the combination of the two disciplines could enhance the educational experience for students and ultimately provide a more qualified practitioner. In the U.S.A., the Computer Science Accreditation Board (CSAB) is now a member of the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET) and is the "lead society" for SE programs (as well as Computer Science and Information Systems programs), and is a "cooperating society" for Computer Engineering programs. Even though I don’t regret that I’ve started doing this, I don’t want to do this for the rest of my life for just three reasons: 1. They alleged MUN's use of "software engineering" (SE) in the name of its SE program infringed their trademarks because it was delivered by the computer science department rather than engineering. The act is broken into 49 sections and may be summarized as follows: 1. Moreover, Council felt licensing would be ineffective in providing assurances about software quality and reliability.“ Given a SWEBOK eventually evolves, it will need to stand the test of time - becoming generally accepted through measured efficacy - "faster, cheaper, better" systems. Eng." Studying a career on information technology can increase your … Should SE practice ever be restricted? Software engineering is a relatively young discipline. What follows is intended to provide members of CIPS and the public with an understanding of this ongoing dispute, and to express the CIPS position with regard to the issues involved. The Engineering profession is aiming - through existing engineering statutes -to make the practice of "software engineering" illegal by anyone who lacks a "P. In 2020, six of Canada’s engineering regulators celebrate their hundredth anniversaries. The BCS exists to provide service and support to the IS community, including individual practitioners, employers of IS staff and the general public. Again, these requirements vary by occupation. Indeed, developments outside Canada have produced the kind of harmonization that continues to elude us. As the lead, the CSAB identifies and trains SE-program evaluators, and sets the SE program-specific criteria, which are managed and administered by the Engineering Accreditation Commission (EAC), and must remain consistent with the EAC's general engineering criteria. It serves as a guide and will be updated periodically. 23-26. It presents a simplified tool and guidance to help regulators and enforcement personnel distinguish the practice of software engineering. The organization found that more than 60% supported the development of a professional engineering exam for software engineers. As a result, both CSAC and CEAB independently accredit SE programs mounted within their separate constituencies, and the issues behind the lawsuit remain unresolved. In some professions and trades it is illegal to work or even use the title of the profession or trade if you are not registered with the regulatory body. Until such a body of knowledge develops and is shown to be essential for competent practice in the field, restricting theory and practice through legally enforced measures is inappropriate and counterproductive, and ironically could harm the public (e.g., by excluding vital expertise). The implementation of such an ethical framework can overcome the traditional dichotomy between professional skills and ethical skills, which plagues the engineering professions, by proposing an … Complimentarily, the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) is a "cooperating society" for SE programs and is the lead for Computer Engineering. The Canadian Engineering Accreditation Board (CEAB, analogous to our CSAC) wants to accredit all engineering programs - only graduates of CEAB-accredited programs are eligible for "P.Eng." These include regulated professions (e.g., nursing) and skilled trades (e.g., plumbing). “Living in California, if you have electrical work done on your home," said Youngjohns, “you generally need to hire a California-certified electrician, because there’s actual physical work that needs to be done. “Just as practicing professionals such as doctors, accountants, and nurses are licensed, so should software engineers,” Thornton says. Among the regulated professions, the health professions most typically have currency of practice requirements. Some career choices are fairly solitary because they require you to work all on … In Australia most Software Engineering programs are located in IT faculties with the Dean usually being a computer scientist. “The public needs to be able to rely on some sort of credential when choosing a contractor to write software.” - Mitch Thornton, … CIPS thanks all its partners for their contribution. These include regulated professions (e.g., nursing) and skilled trades (e.g., plumbing). How does Canada compare to other jurisdictions? Introduction. In addition to issues already cited, two key threats have emerged that continue to challenge the non-engineering (i.e., non P.Eng.) However, software engineering practitioners seeking licensure are less likely to be graduates from an accredited program in software engineering, and come from a wide range of backgrounds in industry. Canada's ongoing disharmony is already causing opportunities for strong SE programs to be lost, human and economic resources in litigation to be dissipated, employers to be confused, the public to be at risk, and our competitive position vis-a-vis global markets to be eroded. In Canada, engineering is regulated under provincial and territorial law by the engineering regulators. If it is regulated, this website should provide details on the regulatory body and how to connect with them for more details. Consider your priorities, your resources and your goals. Copyright © Engineers Canada. The SWEP was comprised of an impartial chair and one representative from each of science academia, engineering academia, the engineering profession, and the IT profession (Paul Bassett represented CIPS). The CCPE recommends each provincial engineering Act contain this definition: —The ”practice of professional engineering‘ means any act of planning, designing, composing, evaluating, advising, reporting, directing or supervising, or managing any of the foregoing, that requires the application of engineering principles, and that concerns the safeguarding of life, health, property, economic interests, the public welfare or the environment.“ The CCPE also recommends this exemption (… denote extraneous words): —Nothing … shall prevent an individual who … holds a recognized honours degree or higher in one or more of the … computer … sciences … from practicing … any act (including management) requiring the application of scientific principles, competently performed.“ CCPE does not define the meanings of —engineering principles“ and —scientific principles“, rendering the definitions sufficiently circular that provincial and territorial associations may deem a fairly arbitrary class of activities to be professional engineering. This would affect not just those calling themselves software engineers, but anyone that the CCPE and its affiliated provincial and territorial regulatory bodies deem to be practicing software engineering, which is to say almost all practitioners in the software field today. The answers to questions from the EAP Study Guide. The recommendations contained in the national guidelines, and Engineers Canada papers may be adopted by the engineering regulators in whole, in part, or not at all. The Downfall of Software Engineering. A career as a software engineer. In 1982 CIPS established the Computer Science Accreditation Council (CSAC). The implications of both of these issues clearly has important consequences to the practicing computer professional and the students currently enrolling in computer science programs in the country. On September 21, 1999 the lawsuit against Memorial University was halted with a 10point agreement that included a five-year moratorium from litigating the use of CCPE's official marks - "engineer" and "engineering" - and the establishment of the Software Engineering Panel (SWEP). ACM's position is that our state of knowledge and practice in software engineering is too immature to warrant licensing. Anyone with enough smarts and programming ability can get hired and paid for creating code than runs on a machine or a device. I've been a software developer for more than 30. ©2020 CIPS, all rights reserved. In order to protect the public and to prevent unlicensed software development practitioners from assuming responsibilities that should be taken on by a professional engineer, regulators need an understanding of the scope of regulated practice in software engineering. The average software engineer could earn up to $5,016,723 for a career that could last 40 years, with an annual salary of around $125,418. If you are looking for your first professional software engineer role and you find that you are either having trouble filling the 30 seconds, or it is dominated by your previous non-programming related experience, you can fill in more space by mentioning a showcase project you have been working on. That means that you must have a licence or certificate to work in these professions and trades. All rights reserved. A fundamental question underlies this dispute: who has the right to practice software engineering? List of licensing bodies for regulated professions in Canada Accounting. (One is supposed to be able to take an exam in lieu of being such a graduate, but few if any provincial engineering bodies have bothered to set one.). computer science community. Here you will see if your profession is 'Regulated' or 'Not Regulated'. Successful completion of the Engineering as a Profession Exam is required to obtain credit for PDEng15. Of course, you could get a noncertified one, but on the whole, the risks of doing so outweigh the costs of getting a l… In various jurisdictions engineering associations are changing their Acts in a manner that appears to make it easier to further restrict the title and practice of software engineering. Engineers Canada will continue to monitor developments in the professional practice of software engineering and will update its guidelines if/when necessary. The term is probably a shortening of “software engineer,” but its use betrays a secret: “Engineer” is an aspirational title in software development. What is a regulated or non-regulated occupation? (The key issue here is the need to understand that Software engineering's roots and core concepts are clearly in Computing and Information Technology, and not the other way around. There is no legal requirement to be licensed or certified by the government. there is a reasonable expectation that failure or inappropriate functioning of the system would result in harm to life, health, property, economic interests, the public welfare or the environment). license. A unique Engineers Canada program designed to continually improve the transparency and effectiveness of the Canadian Engineering Accreditation Board (CEAB). Graduation from an accredited program reduces the years of experience a CIPS member needs to become certified as an Information System Professional of Canada (I.S.P.). |  Website Privacy Policy  |  Website Terms of Use, 2019 Consultation on the Curriculum content measurement: Beyond the AU Engineers Canada paper, National Engineering Guidelines and Engineers Canada, Indigenous Peoples’ Access to Post-Secondary Engineering, Infrastructure Resilience Professional (IRP), INWED 2020: How women in engineering are responding to the COVID-19, Engineers’ role in Canada’s long-term economic recovery post-COVID-19, Engineers Canada's Paper on professional practice in software engineering, Guide to the Software Engineering Body of Knowledge. What is a regulated or non-regulated occupation? (This could be done by including exclusionary clauses in the various acts in the country, which is not without precedent.) Be of good character. In Australia, the Australian Computer Society and the Institution of Engineers, Australia, have agreed to set up a joint Software Engineering Board and this has been implemented. Secondly, and no less important, is the —right to practice“ autonomously. But the ACM later withdrew its support because the IEEE intended the SWEBOK to be required for licensing: —the ACM Council decided in May 1999 that it could not support licensing of software engineers. ... and we seem to be in a similar situation with software engineers. Under Alberta’s Engineering and Geoscience Professions Act [pdf], you must be a registered member of the Association of Professional Engineers and Geoscientists of Alberta (APEGA) to practice as a Professional Engineer or engage in the practice of engineering. However, if errors are brought to its attention, the Commission undertakes to correct them, if deemed appropriate. Your decision to pursue, postpone or abandon registration should be based on a well informed career plan. (Similar Acts prevent unqualified people from practicing in other professions -- what the College of Physicians and Surgeons deems to be "practicing medicine", or what the Canadian Bar Association deems to be "practicing law", to name but two.) Extend software engineering knowledge by appropriate participation in professional organizations, meetings and publications. The translation should not be considered exact, and may include incorrect or offensive language. The undergraduate programs at the University of Waterloo are accredited engineering programs. Thus, computer scientists as well as engineers should retain both the right to title and the right to practice. The latter was to deliberate and make recommendations regarding the use of the term "software engineering" in the undergraduate university community. Enforcement and compliance officials are referred to, For a further exploration of the scope and depth of the software engineering discipline, Engineers Canada recommends the Canadian Engineering Qualifications Board. However, it can and should, make the software engineer more conscious and aware of the ethical ramifications of certain engineering decisions within the process. Therefore, you must be a member of the Order to lawfully practise the engineering profession. With dozens of different engineering specialties, the career potential in this field is nearly limitless. In Québec, all professions are regulated for a single purpose—public protection—and engineering is no exception. The fact that software engineers are distributed across many different countries makes certification more difficult. Promote public knowledge of software engineering. The “practice of engineering” means any act of planning, designing, composing, evaluating, advising, reporting, directing or supervising, or managing any of the foregoing, that requires the application of engineering principles, and that concerns the safeguarding of life, health, property, economic interests, the public welfare or the environment. The university and computer science (CS) communities are disputing such restrictions. More specifically, we encourage current efforts to find a way to jointly accredit SE courses and programs, and to permit academic freedom in the choice of venues for SE education. This Board is owned by both societies. SE‘s home - computer science or engineering - should depend only on each university‘s preference. Privacy Policy. The Complaints Committe… The purpose of this article is to propose an ethical framework for software engineers that connects software developers’ ethical responsibilities directly to their professional standards. To wit: In summary, we encourage computer scientists and engineers to work together wherever feasible, to teach and do research in this very important emerging field. The Software Engineering Professional Practice knowledge area (KA) is concerned with the knowledge, skills, and attitudes that software engineers must possess to practice software engineering in a professional, responsible, and ethical manner. Note: This Fact Sheet was developed by Manitoba Education and Training, Immigration and Economic Opportunities Division. I have been a licensed software engineer in Canada (where it's the law that you have to be licensed to use the title Engineer) for almost 10 years. This is unlike other industries (law and medicine being examples as cited in the question). Support, as members of a profession, other software engineers striving to follow this Code. In the UK, the British Computer Society (BCS) is the only chartered professional institution for the field of information systems engineering. “a systematic, disciplined, quantifiable approach to the development, operation, and maintenance of software”). Software engineering is a relatively young practice and compared with other engineering disciplines, its culture of professionalism is still developing. Right on the heels of the SWEP came its successor, the "SE Task Force" (Paul Bassett again represented CIPS), mandated to translate the recommendations into specific proposals for accomplishing joint CSAC/CEAB accreditation. The following organizations support CIPS' commitment to professionalism, ethics, and high standards for the I.T. The Professional Engineers Act was first passed in 1922.This act defined engineering as a profession and gave its practitionerscertain rights to associate and to regulate themselves.The act laid down the founding guidelines and regulations for the associationtoday known as Professional Engineers Ontario. A duty. The BCS is also an Engineering Institution, fully licensed by the Engineering Council to nominate Chartered and Incorporated Engineers, and to accredit university courses and training schemes. With reference to the above definition, both of the following conditions must be true for an activity to be considered to fall under the scope of software engineering: The development of the software required the application of engineering principles (ie. First, the —right to title“ issue has not been resolved so it is unclear if this community can continue to use terms like —Software Engineer“ following the moratorium or if it will once again be challenged. 6.04. Licensing by a provincial or territorial association of professional engineers is required to approve engineering drawings and reports and to practise as a Professional Engineer (P.Eng.). Clearly, the consequences of strictly enforcing such a limitation would be disastrous. Recently the engineering community has sought to restrict who has the right to teach it, and even more importantly, has intimated their intention to restrict who has the right to practice what the engineering profession deems to be software engineering. Nowadays, software engineers are a commodity. Software Engineering Profession Software engineering (SE) as a discipline and profession is relatively young, some even say “immature”. Professional goals for Software engineers Currently, all companies manage their information in a systematic way to ensure control and order of the different processes such as accounting, human resources, management, amongst others. No. And conversely, experience should document how ignoring the SWEBOK tends to cause harm. Software engineering is a relatively young discipline. But the average computer/software engineering student might still be confused about how and why this requirement should apply to them. Outstanding Canadian engineers, teams of engineers, projects, achievements and students, Support for professional engineers returning to university, Individuals who have given special service to the engineering profession. Canada’s engineering profession is uniquely regulated. In the United States, the practice of professional engineering is highly regulated and the title "professional engineer" is legally protected, meaning that it is unlawful to use it to offer engineering services to the public unless permission, certification or other official endorsement is specifically granted by that state through a professional engineering license. 2. Enforcement and compliance officials are referred to Engineers Canada's Paper on professional practice in software engineering, which is meant to help officials identify software engineering practice that should be regulated. Each country is responsible for updating information, on its regulated professions, competent authorities and statistics. 6.05. Where does SE belong? However, it can and should, make the software engineer more conscious and aware of the ethical ramifications of certain engineering decisions within the process. This is reinforced by the fact that most engineering In July 2000, the Panel issued a unanimous report. In Canada, engineering is regulated under provincial and territorial law by the engineering regulators. Review past annual reports of Engineers Canada, Information on Board meetings, corporate planning, and governance policy and resources, Committee lists, members and terms of reference, Protecting the privacy and confidentiality of information in the course of conducting business operations, Ensuring equal access and participation for all people, There are 279 accredited engineering programs at 44 higher education institutions across Canada, For Canadian higher education institutions seeking to have their programs become or remain accredited, Search or browse Canada's accredited engineering programs, The Accreditation Improvement Program is essential to ensuring that engineering education accreditation continues to be delivered in the most effective and efficient manner possible. There are no such ownership claims over the terms "software engineering" by the IT or engineering people, and the term is used loosely by some IT practitioners who have never been involved in large scale and complex software systems. Each of the thirteen provinces and territories has legislated that engineering work may only be performed by individuals who meet specific experiential and educational requirements and hold a valid Professional Engineer (“P.Eng.”) license. No, software engineering should not require professional certification. To help celebrate National Engineers Week, we partnered with Project Lead the Way on this fun quiz to help you learn a little more about what engineering has to offer. Chartered Professional Accountants of Canada (CPA) or CPA Canada is the national organization established to support a unified Canadian accounting profession, amalgamating … In 2008, the IEEE Computer Society, in cooperation with several other organizations, sent out a survey to its U.S. membership. There is an ongoing attempt to define one, known as the Guide to the SWEBOK, initially co-sponsored by the IEEE Computer Society and the Association of Computing Machinery (ACM). Eng." In some parts of the US such as Texas, the use of the term Engineer is regulated by law and reserved only for use by individuals who have a Professional Engineer license. Given there was little or no effort to get the various stakeholder groups to "buy into" the SWEP's report, no one should have been surprised when the Task Force proposals hit an impasse.

should the software engineering profession be regulated

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