Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The main structural characteristics of Romanesque churches are the stone tunnel or barrel vaulting of the nave, with thick, buttressed walls to support the weight. Romanesque Architecture (c.800-1200): Definition, Characteristics, History of 10th/11th Century Architectural Style: Abbey Church of Cluny The Church June 1931-November 1933. San Miguel, Almazan, Castile. The House of Bernarda Alba. Bermejazo platero de las cumbres. The general impression given by Romanesque architecture, in both ecclesiastical and secular buildings, is one of massive solidity and strength. Burgo de O to Sos del Rey, Travel 2013. Prelude to Civil War. TheÂ west door, or portal/portico, is given prominence since it is through this doorway that the congregants enter the church and come immediately in view of the altar at the far end of the nave. VelÃ¡zquez. Medieval churches: sources and forms. Military Reform June 1931-November 1933. 742-d. 814) whose political goal was to unite Europe under his rule and so revive the glories of Ancient Rome. This is the currently selected item. Arab Moorish Influence on Agriculture in Al-Andalus. Historical Overview to Civil War 1936-39. History of Spain. The Gothic architecture made the churches bright, colorful, and soaring. The Upstairs World of Calisto and Melibea. Bacchus. In some larger towns, there are bigger Romanesque churches, the superstar in Spain being the Cathedral of e.Santiago de Compostela (Galicia), the focal point of one of Europeâs major pilgrimage routes, and suitably vast to accommodate hundreds of pilgrims at a time. Day 7. GRANADA Spain from the 17th to 20th Century. Llama de amor viva. EL Burlador de Sevilla. Overview. Ocular windows are common in Italy, particularly in the facade gable, and are also seen in Germany. The interiors of Romanesque churches were usually covered with brightly-coloured sculptures, carvings, and paintings, depicting scenes from the Bible. Generation of 1898. A look at modern veneration from the British Museum. The First Romanesque style developed in the Catalan territory and demonstrated a lower... Cistercian Architecture. Larger churches were needed to accommodate the numerous monks and priests, as well as the pilgrims who came to view saintsâ relics. Buildings tend to be massive and heavy. Key Concepts: Terms in this set (21) Romanesque style - 1000-1250. Santillana to Oviedo. A beginner's guide to Romanesque architecture. Pilgrimage Routes and the Cult of the Relic. Poetic Innovations. Golden Age Religious Painting and Flemish Influence. Analysis. Quevedo. Spain. Subsequently as the Gothic style spread, the Romanesque style was superseded and existent churches were often expanded and redesigned with new Gothic elements, retaining only a few traces of the earlier style. Day 16. Spanish Ballads. Second Spanish Republic. International Relations. LeÃ³n. Cultural Rebirth. Semicircular or round archesÂ curve over windows and entrances, and between theÂ solid pillars orÂ piers separating nave and aisles. History of the Jews in Spain. History of the Jews and Conversos in Spain. The House of Bernarda Alba. ROMANESQUE In art, the term Romanesque art can be used to cover all immediate derivations of Roman architecture in the West, from the fall of Rome (5th century CE) until the rise of Gothic art in about 1200. 1931-33. Charles Vâs Palace in the Alhambra. Day 17 Sos and Leyre Monastery, Travel 2013 Day 18. Basic Characteristics of Romanesque Churches: The basicÂ planÂ of Romanesque churches derived from theÂ Roman basilica, which was adopted by the early Christian church in Rome. The most recognizable style is its round arches. We think this region is a great destination for architecture and history lovers and have created a […] ArgoÃ±os. Unions and Forces of Order. Artworks and Artists of Romanesque Architecture and Art Progression of Art. West facade of Saint-Ãtienne in Caen, France. Spain after the Civil War. San Juan de la Cruz . Ferdinand and Isabella: Catholic Monarchs. Romanesque art was an art focused on the rural, the countryside. In many churches, aÂ cupolaÂ called aÂ cimborio projects over the crossing (Zamora, Toro, the old Cathedral of Salamanca, AlmazÃ¡n, FrÃ³mista), and a solid, square tower stands sometimes to one side at the altar end, sometimes at the Western end. History of Spain.18th Century. Early 15th-Century. Background and Analysis. Image of Loarre Castle byÂ Joachim Quandt:Â http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Castiello_de_Lobarre.jpg Bullfighting in Spain (âCorrida de torosâ). Groin vaults, i.e. History. June 1931-November 1933. A look at modern veneration from the British Museum. Don Quixote and the Real World. Corrections? It is important to understand that âRomanesqueâ is an umbrella term, incorporating a number of variations in style andÂ responding to national preferences (French, Italian, German, English etc.