The Arabian Desert is a vast stretch of arid landscape in Western Asia where it occupies most of the Arabian Peninsula, encompassing an area of 2,330,000 square km. Explore this small city surrounded the tall and strong wall. Details about CITIES FROM ARABIAN DESERT: BUILDING OF JUBAIL AND YANBU By Andrea H. Pampanini. Yuma Desert: That portion of the Sonoran Desert just east of the Colorado River near Yuma, Arizona. “We have some sources that are external, so people who talk about them. to p. 188. A visit to Hegra is merely scratching the surface of AlUla’s archeological trove. to p. 198. Ashnah. Gifting a Priceless Cities experience is easy. In keeping with our theme of capital cities established, Riyadh’s skyline is one of the first attractions you’ll notice while arriving at this spectacularly constructed city. Bazkath. Cities. Arumah. The capital city of Jordan, Amman may lack the storied history of some of the other cities on the list, however, it is by no means uninteresting. Virtually encompassing the entire Arabian peninsula, the Arabian Desert stretches from the Persian Gulf to Yemen, and from Oman to Jordan and Iraq. Some of the oldest Roman ruins in the world lay on the outskirts of one of the oldest districts in the city. “Why are we telling these stories here?” McGauran asks. The deserted work at Tomb 46 shows most clearly how the Nabataeans built from top to bottom, with only the stepped “crown” visible above an uncut cliffside. It’s the city where all Muslims are required to stand in a way, facing East, to direct their prayers to Mecca. America 2020. Khartoum, Sudan. Something about AlUla has inspired civilization after civilization to leave their mark. msn back to msn home lifestyle. Cities from the Arabian Desert: The Building of Jubail and Yanbu in Saudi Arabia by Andrea H. Pampanini. “This is not just one museum building. Click here for the lowest price! Ascent of Acrabbim. Though the Nabataeans left behind scant records, Hegra is where their words are most prominently visible. Home to some of the largest skyscrapers in the world, this urban center is also the most populated city in Saudi Arabia. Truly one of a kind and one of the most futuristic cities while still â¦ Summer heat is intense, reaching temperatures as high as 130 °F (55 °C) in places. Tucson, Arizona. It's best to find a desert and then look for cities there, but here's a quick list of cities by the desert that they're found in: Sonoran: Phoenix, Arizona. Excellent Condition! How to grow tomatoes in the Arabian Desert. They borrowed from various places and built their own original models.”, Intimidating inscriptions, common on many of the tombs at Hegra but rare at Petra, are etched into the facade and warn of fines and divine punishment for trespassing or attempting to surreptitiously occupy the tomb as your own. “Because they’re not stories that you can tell anywhere else.”, Continue Aven. Spanning most of the Arabian Peninsula in Asia, it measures approximately 1.0 million square miles (2.6 million sq. Home to more than 1.2 million, Doha is a busy metropolis and a city whose skyline has grown exponentially in the past couple decades. Maybe include a video that Warren has). Growing Cities in the Arabian Desert. Arabian Desert - Arabian Desert - Climate: The Arabian Desert spreads across 22° of latitude, from 12° to 34° north; although much of the desert lies north of the Tropic of Cancer, it usually is considered a tropical desert. Camel-drawn caravans laden with piles of fragrant peppercorn, ginger root, sugar and cotton passed through Hegra, a provincial city on the kingdom’s southern frontier. Ashdod. Hardcover, 9780275955946, 027595594X Once a thriving international trade hub, the archeological site of Hegra (also known as Mada'in Saleh) has been left practically undisturbed for almost 2,000 years. To have the context of Hegra is very important.”. Famous French architect Jean Nouvel has unveiled the conceptual plans for a new cave hotel in the deserts of Saudi Arabia near AlUla. These are the Rub' Al Khali Desert, the larges mass of sand in the world, and the An-Nafud Desert - … Historic structures dot the city spanning from the Roman and Byzantine eras through to the Canaanite and Ottoman golden eras. Dubai cultivates an ultra-modern image of dazzling architecture and effortless wealth. The desert covers virtually all of Saudi Arabia as well as parts of Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, the UAE, and Yemen. Most likely one of the most conservative cities in the Arabian Gulf youâll come â¦ Because it is a mixture of influences: we have some Mesopotamian, Iranian, Greek, Egyptian,” she says. Stretching roughly 900,000 square miles (2,300,000 square km), 1,305 miles long by 684 miles wide, the desert … “Hegra is absolutely the jewel in the crown,” McGauran says. Keep up-to-date on: (Eric Lafforgue/Art in All of Us/Corbis via Getty Images). Saudi Arabia is set to open Hegra - the ancient archaeological site, to tourists. Boasting some of the most sparkling skyscrapers in the world, Dubai will redefine the very concept of a cosmopolitan city! (Daniel plz. Exploring the peaceful city of Al Ain in the desert of the United Arab Emirates. Nabatean cities were no longer centres of trade, and so began their decline and ultimate abandonment. The Nabataeans also became the suppliers of aromatics, such as frankincense and myrrh, that were highly prized in religious ceremonies. The downtown area has winding close quartered streets and a bustling market in the heart of the metropolis. The Arabian Desert is a large desert that covers the Arabian Peninsula. Most of what we’ve learned about the Nabataeans comes from the documents of outsiders: the ancient Greeks, Romans and Egyptians. Ashkelon. Baal Hazor. But now for the first time, Saudi Arabia has opened the site to tourists. You can experience culture Considered a “World City” by the Globalization and World Cities Network, Doha has been selected to host several world events such as 2006 Asian Games, the 2011 Pan Arab Games, and will be the site for soccer matches in the 2022 World Cup. Both the Tomb of Lihyan Son of Kuza and Tomb 46 have short inscriptions, designating them for specific families. Facts about Arabian Desert 10: the summer temperature. It boasts the tallest building in the world, attracts thirteen million visitors per year, and its â¦ “These people were creative, innovative, imaginative, pioneering,” says Graf, who has been researching the Nabataeans since he unexpectedly unearthed some of their pottery in 1980 on an excavation in Jordan. Vote Now! Bene Berak. $55. Westport, CT: Praeger, 1997. xv + 120 pages. Get the best of Smithsonian magazine by email. Beth Arbel. Hegra contains 111 carefully carved tombs, far fewer than the more than 600 at the Nabataean capital of Petra. Considerably, more than half the area of Saudi Arabia is desert. Hop-on-hop-off buses drop visitors off in seven areas, where Al Rowah, or storytellers, help bring the necropolis to life. or The central-western city sits beside the Atlantic ocean making its climate comfortably pleasant as the sea air wrestles with the dry desert weather. Who are the people who created Hegra? The Arabian Peninsula is located in the continent of Asia and bounded by (clockwise) the Persian Gulf on the northeast, the Strait of Hormuz and the Gulf of Oman on the east, the Arabian Sea on the southeast, the Gulf of Aden, Guardafui Channel and Somali Sea on the south, the Bab-el-Mandeb Strait on the southwest and the Red Sea, which is located on the southwest and west. It’ truly a city of the future. Facts about the Arabian Desert » At 899,618 sq mi, the Arabian Desert is the second largest desert in the world. The weather may reach absurd heights in the summer, but luckily the Dead Sea neighbors Amman begging for you to take a dip in it to cool off. (Most recently, this city celebrated the opening of one of the most attractive palaces in the world. In the past few decades, the city has been transformed by the wealth of its inhabitants to form one of the most advanced cities in the entire world. Scholars believe that the Nabataeans saw their tombs as their eternal home, and now their spirits are being resurrected and stories retold as part of AlUla’s push to become an open-air museum. The Arabian Desert receives sunshine from 2,900 (66.2% of daylight hours) to 3,600 hours (82.1%) a year, but the average is 3,400 hours (77.6%). 17th Annual Photo Contest Finalists Announced. The Nabataean people occupied the Arabian Desert in between the second and fourth century BC and carved cities, including Petra in Jordan, â¦ Asor. Quick & Free Delivery in 2-14 days. It continues to be that place of cultural identity and artistic expression.”. In the scrub-speckled desert north of AlUla in Saudi Arabia, rocky outcrops and giant boulders the size of buildings, beautifully carved and with classical-style pediments and columns, poke out of the sands like divinely scattered seeds. Saudi Arabia launched tourist visas for the first time in September 2019, allowing casual visitors without a business or religious purpose into the country. How long were they here? It’s also a financial powerhouse for the Middle East, hosting one of the largest ports in the entire world which supports a bustling and affluent economy. Every year, it receives a lot of sunlight. It covers most of the Arabian Peninsula from Jordan to Oman and is a mix of mountains, plains and large sand seas. Arabian Desert. Beersheba. The second-largest desert in the world, The Arabian Desert, covers most of the Arabian Peninsula in the extreme south-western corner of Asia. The country has three major deserts. Be the first to write a review. Cities from the Arabian Desert: The Building of Jubail and Yanbu in Saudi Arabia, by Andrea Pampanini. Bashan. Araq Ei Emir. CNN investigation sheds new light on anti-brutality protest. Text is available under the … Facts about Arabian Desert 9: Sahara Desert. Much of Hegra’s appeal lies in the fact that it’s virtually unknown to outsiders despite its similarities to Petra, which now sees nearly one million visitors a year and could be classified as an endangered world heritage site if not properly cared for, according to Unesco. Arabia is the largest peninsula on Earth and it occupies an area of about 1,250,000 square miles. Benjamin. Historic structures dot the city spanning from the Roman and Byzantine eras through to the Canaanite and Ottoman golden eras. “The reason why they emerged and they became new in ancient sources is that they became wealthy,” says Laila Nehmé, an archeologist and co-director of the Hegra Archeological Project, a partnership between the French and Saudi governments that is excavating sections of the site. During the summer, temperatures often skyrocket to 110 degrees or more, and with climate change, the research models predict an average increase of 4 to 10 degrees in the Southwest region.A rise in temperatures coupled with population growthâPhoenix, the 5th largest city in the United â¦ By 2035, AlUla is hoping to attract two million tourists (domestic and international) annually. “Why Baroque? It also has some of the world's largest petroleum reserves, which has attracted development in recent years. Riyadh is the largest city in Saudi Arabia, and it is also the commercial capital of the country with a … Hegra was the second city of the Nabataean kingdom, but Hegra does much more than simply play second fiddle to Petra: it could hold the key to unlocking the secrets of an almost-forgotten ancient civilization. Arabian Desert - Arabian Desert - People: Humans have inhabited the Arabian Desert since early Pleistocene times (i.e., about 2.6 million years ago). Like Petra, Hegra is a metropolis turned necropolis: most of the remaining structures that can be seen today are tombs, with much of the architectural remains of the city waiting to be excavated or already lost, quite literally, to the sands of time. Lots of cities are located in the desert. Hegra was the second city of the Nabateans, who were nomads who controlled the spice trade and who built an astonishing civilization in the desert. Ataroth. “It should evoke in any good tourist with any kind of intellectual curiosity: who produced these tombs? “For a tourist going to Hegra, you need to know more than seeing the tombs and the inscriptions and then coming away without knowing who produced them and when,” says David Graf, a Nabataean specialist, archeologist and professor at the University of Miami. Nabatean cities were no longer centres of trade, and so began their decline and ultimate abandonment. As the sun sets, the dusty colors flare, revealing pockmarks and stains caused by rain, which has shaped these stones for millennia. During the summer, the temperature in Arabian Desert is around 104 degree F or 40 degree C. Another capital city, Beirut offers itself to historians and tourists alike from all across the world. The town lies just an hour north of Sharm Al-Sheikh and it’s just a calm place by the sea with beautiful sandy beaches and water so crystal blue you can see the bottom of the ocean. Because of dust and little humidity, travelers find it difficult to travel in the desert. The Racial Divide. They are limited in their content, so it’s difficult to write a history on the basis of the inscriptions.”. Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Apart from the historic sites, Beirut has some of the best nightlife and cuisine in the entire Middle East, and beaches, many beaches. The Bedouin of the southern Arabian desert have a legend about a great river in the west, and an eighth century Arabic poem talks of wild cows living in the Empty Quarter. The Lost Desert Cities of Dubai: The Hidden History The Colorful Folklore Behind the Flaming Mountains of Turpan Early map of Arabian Peninsula dated 1467 based on Ptolemy’s Cosmographia of 150 AD, showing two rivers flowing out of the Rub al Khali desert, north and south. While Hegra is being promoted to tourists for the first time, the story that still seems to get lost is that of the ancient empire responsible for its existence. Reviewed by Nezar AlSayyad Forgotten by the West for centuries, Petra was “rediscovered” by Swiss explorer Johann Ludwig Burckhardt in 1812, though local Bedouin tribes had been living in the caves and tombs for generations. The full stories behind many of these tombs remain unknown. and the most recent from 70 A.D., allowing researchers to fill in gaps on the Nabataeans’ timeline, though building a clear picture is still problematic. Tucked away in the desert, today Madain Saleh is … powered by Microsoft News. “I argue the word Nabataean is not an ethnic term,” Graf says. Ashteroth. Gobi: Ulaan Baatar, Mongolia. The $500bn (£380bn) city â complete â¦ Apart from the historic sites, Beirut has some of the best nightlife and cuisine in the entire Middle East, and beaches, many beaches. Jump to navigation Jump to search This is a list of cities and towns ... Central Department of Statistics and Information (in Arabic) This page was last edited on 29 September 2020, at 01:21 (UTC). Any trip to the Middle East requires that you stop in the cafes, bars, restaurants, and clubs Amman has to offer. It associates itself with one of the most prolific and ancient civilizations known to man. Arabia is sometimes considered to be a subcontinent of Asia. Arameans. There is no question that Dubai is the ultimate 21 st century city. AlUla’s airport, about 35 miles from Hegra, only opened in 2011, but it has already undergone large-scale renovations in anticipation of the influx of visitors, quadrupling its annual passenger capacity. 34. Aroer. The Nabateans created a huge empire in the desert from the 4 th century BC to the 1 st century AD. The Arabian desert is the second biggest non-polar desert in the world (after the Sahara). Saudi Arabia is building a futuristic mega-city called Neom deep in a desert bordering the Red Sea. Sahara: Cairo, Egypt. Where did they come from? Started in 1932 by Ibn Saud, it consists of ten major cities namely Riyadh, Jeddah, Mecca, Hofuf, Ta’if, Medina, Dammam, Khobar, Khamis Mushait, and Burayda. Record breaking heat is a common phenomenon in desert cities like Phoenix and Tucson. The Nabataeans prospered from the 4th century B.C. Palm Desert will sponsor Desert X 2021 with a $20,000 contribution to the biennial Coachella Valley art exhibition, the divided City Council decided in a â¦ Do you know that the Arabian Desert actually is the extension of the Sahara desert? Most of them are very brief graffiti: the name of an individual and his father or a petition to a god. The Giza Pyramid complex (one of the 7 wonders of the world) towers over the city, creating an epic landscape which meshes a modern city with truly ancient structures. In keeping with our theme of capital cities established, Riyadhâs skyline is one of the first attractions youâll notice while arriving at this spectacularly constructed city. Many are from AlUla and speak beautifully of their own connections to this place and its heritage.”. The skies are usually clear except for some winter rains which are not steady or continuous, spring hazes, or dust storms. A case study of what is arguably the largest civil construction project undertaken in modern times: the building of two industrial cities, Jubail and Yanbu, on the edge of the Arabian desert. A new chapter in Hegra’s history, however, is just beginning, as travelers are allowed easy access to the site for the first time. Baal Shalishah. Bamoth Baal. AlUla’s labyrinthine old town of mudbrick houses, which had been occupied since the 12th century but more recently abandoned and fell into a state of disrepair, is now a conservation site and is slated to welcome tourists starting in December. But now it’s as simple as buying a ticket online for 95 Saudi riyal (about $25). Dubai, The United Arab Emirates. Oil currently accounts for 90 percent of the country’s export earnings and makes up about 40 percent of its GDP. Unlike many of the cities here which have been massive sprawling urban centers or industrial and economic powerhouses, Dahab is a much more tame town. Yet its deserts conceal forgotten cities and a hidden history which reveal how its early inhabitants adapted and overcame dramatic past climate change. “When you become wealthy, you become visible.”. Another capital city, Beirut offers itself to historians and tourists alike from all across the world. Astinah. Hegra’s oldest dated tomb is from 1 B.C. Biggest Cities In Saudi Arabia Riyadh. In the scrub-speckled desert north of AlUla in Saudi Arabia, rocky outcrops and giant boulders the size of buildings, beautifully carved and with classical-style pediments and columns, poke out of the sands like divinely scattered seeds. Do you plan on being with family in person this Thanksgiving? Ataroth Addar. The Masjid Al-Haram sits within the city as the largest mosque in the entire world. Other nearby heritage sites—the ancient city of Dadan, the capital of the Dadanite and Lihyanite kingdoms, which predated the Nabataeans, and Jabal Ikmah, a canyon filled with ancient rock inscriptions—are also now open to visitors. Translated in modern standard Arabic (MSA) as “the big tree,” Doha is Qatar’s capital city located on the coast of the Persian Gulf. The gorgeous and immense skyscrapers punctuate the vast desert skylinae, unlike most major metropoles around the world. The area is home to several different cultures, languages, and peoples, with Islam as the predominant faith. The Nabataeans were desert-dwelling nomads turned master merchants, controlling the incense and spice trade routes through Arabia and Jordan to â¦ But the Nabataeans weren’t the only ones here: about 10 historic languages have been found inscribed into the landscape of AlUla, and this region in particular is seen as instrumental in the development of the Arabic language. Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. “We talk a lot about AlUla for millennia as being this place of cultural transfer, of journeys, of travelers, and a home to complex societies. Some tombs at Hegra are the final resting places for high-ranking officers and their families, who, according to the writing on their tombs, took the adopted Roman military titles of prefect and centurion to the afterworld with them. Can it be true? Only the coastal areas of Oman, Yemen and southeast Saudi Arabia are not part of the Arabian Desert. Perhaps it could be said that Petra was truly seen by most Westerners for the first time a century and a half later thanks to its starring role as the set for Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade in 1989. Appends. “May the lord of the world curse upon anyone who disturb this tomb or open it,” proclaims part of the inscription on Tomb 41, “...and further curse upon whoever may change the scripts on top of the tomb.”. The Arabian is the world’s second largest subtropical desert. Arabian Cities. This desert spreads from Roman to Iraq and Jordan and from Yemen to Persian Gulf. The climate is mostly dry with some places receiving rainfall lower than 50 mm annually. Baalah. “We see the development of AlUla as a visitor destination as being something that is happening with archeology and heritage at its heart, with a new layer of art, creativity and cultural institutions being added to that,” McGauran says. Saudi Arabia is, for the most part, an uninhabited desert land. Sphinxes, eagles and griffins with spread wings—important symbols in the Greek, Roman, Egyptian and Persian worlds—menacingly hover above the tomb entrances to protect them from intruders. Author: Lee Hudson Teslik June 4, 2008 It was left unfinished, with rough, unsmoothed chisel marks skirting its lower third. Artifacts have been found widely, including at Neolithic sites in Qatar and Dubai, but they are most abundant in the southwestern RubÊ¿ al-Khali. Asher. On the edge of the Saudi Arabian desert beside the Red Sea, a futuristic city called Neom is due to be built. Bibl. (Daniel, do you want to mention that it’s the most important city in Africa?– please verify}, The capital of the largest of the UAE’s seven emirates (not clear– I understand that it is the capital of UAE, at the same time, it’s an Emirate. Graf says that about 7,000 Nabataean inscriptions have been found throughout their kingdom. This trail of desolation stretches south 600 miles to the Saudi Arabian city of Medina; in the Arabian Desert there still sit several of the war-mangled train cars, stranded and slowly rusting away. It measures 684 mi from north to south, and 1,305 mi from east to west. Mojave: Las Vegas, Nevada. Classical Greek and Roman architecture clearly influenced construction, and many tombs include capital-topped columns that hold a triangular pediment above the doorway or a tomb-wide entablature. Rub’ al Khali (The Empty Quarter) extends over much of the southeast and beyond the southern frontier. List of cities and towns in Saudi Arabia. There are few experiences that are as âDubaiâ as the desert safari. Natural water pipes were built around the tombs to protect their facades from erosion, which have kept them well preserved thousands of years after their construction. The inscriptions also underscore Hegra’s commercial importance on the empire’s southern fringes, and the texts reveal the diverse composition of Nabataean society. The Nabataeans were desert-dwelling nomads turned master merchants, controlling the incense and spice trade routes through Arabia and Jordan to the Mediterranean, Egypt, Syria and Mesopotamia. It is the largest desert area on the continentâcovering an area of about 900,000 square milesâand the second largest on Earth, â¦ Climb into a vintage 1950s Land Rover and embark on an enchanting desert safari in one of Dubai's most fascinating private nature reserves. Desert is the most prominent feature of Arabian Peninsula of which Saudi Arabia is the largest country. Beeroth. “The reason we don’t know much about them is because we don’t have books or sources written by them that tell us about the way they lived and died and worshipped their gods,” says Nehmé. The region now teems with burgeoning cities, some of which have become desirable destinations for wealthy tourists, Fortune 500 companies, and leading academic institutions from the United States and elsewhere. The Arabian Peninsula, also known as Arabia, is a Western Asian peninsula which is on the Arabian plate. China's crackdown on Hong Kong spreads to the city's classrooms. Hegrites, Moabites, Syrians, Jews, all kinds of people.”. Others are guarded by Medusa-like masks, with snakes spiraling out as hair. The state has pledged at least $500 billion to make it happen, and is soliciting further investment. ARABIAN DESERT (#4- Western Asia) Spanning some 900,000 square miles, the world’s fourth largest desert spans the majority of the Arabian Peninsula. Beth â¦ “However, one of the beautiful and unique things about AlUla is that it is this palimpsest of human civilization for many thousands of years. Index to p. 209. The Arabian Desert (Arabic: ٱلصَّحْرَاء ٱلْعَرَبِيَّة ) is a vast desert wilderness in Western Asia.It stretches from Yemen to the Persian Gulf and Oman to Jordan and Iraq.It occupies most of the Arabian Peninsula, with an area of 2,330,000 square kilometers (900,000 sq mi).It is the fifth largest desert … They did not leave any large mythological texts like the ones we have for Gilgamesh and Mesopotamia. In this city people eat, drink, work hard and sometimes fight against enemies. It is very hot and dry. until the 1st century A.D., when the expanding Roman Empire annexed and subsumed their huge swath of land, which included modern-day Jordan, Egypt’s Sinai peninsula, and parts of Saudi Arabia, Israel and Syria. Maybe largest Emirate in the UAE??) Home to some of the largest skyscrapers in the world, this urban center is also the most populated city in Saudi Arabia. Events. Arad. Both the capital and the largest city of Egypt, Cairo, is the iconic city which sits by the Nile River. We often associate deserts with sand, camels, and cacti — it’s perhaps the depiction of a desert in popular culture that is to be blamed — and a desert without either of these defining attributes just seems so unreal. It’s also a financial powerhouse for the Middle East, hosting one of the largest ports in the entire world which supports a bustling and affluent economy. It’s astounding how much this city has changed even in the past 10 years. It was also voted as the top international city for food in the entire world. Rakin in an average of 14.26 million visitors a year (a number which is growing), Dubai is the pinnacle of city design mixed with absurd amounts of money. A few tombs were abandoned mid-construction for unclear reasons. 14 most beautiful desert oases in the world. You have this near continuous spread of 7,000 years of successive civilizations that are settling in this valley—important civilizations that are just now being revealed to the world through archeology.”. The challenge with getting to know the Nabataeans is that they left behind so little first-hand history. Nehmé calls this style Arab Baroque. km). A desert without cactus may come across as unbelievable, but if seeing is believing, then the Arabian Desert is where you need to go. The Arabian Desert includes the Rub' al Khali of Saudi Arabia, the largest sand desert in the world. In the interior the heat is dry. The desert is a part of several countries which include â¦ Give a Gift. Its French styled New Town is also a must see, blending traditional Moroccan architecture with classic anglo-inspired roofs. “The handpicked team of Saudi men and women have been mentored by archeologists and trained by international museums to connect every visitor to the stories of this extraordinary open-air gallery. During the past thirty years the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has built and managed the largest public works projects in history--the creation of the two industrial cities of Jubail, on the Gulf, and Yanbu, on the Red Sea, home to huge petroleum-based â¦ Mecca is the birthplace of prophet Muhammad and the site of his first vision revelation. Baalath. Astute visitors will notice that the rock-cut constructions at Hegra look similar to its more famous sister site of Petra, a few hundred miles to the north in Jordan. It is a barren and sandy landscape, but is surprisingly rich in natural resources, such as oil and sulfur. CITIES FROM ARABIAN DESERT: BUILDING OF JUBAIL AND YANBU IN SAUDI ARABIA By Andrea H. Pampanini *Excellent Condition*. As sea trade routes became more dangerous, several tribes built the Arabian city of Mecca into a center of trade to direct more secure overland caravan routes. ... the oasis is called the “Qasr el-Shams,” the Arabic phrase for “Castle of the Sun.” The Arabian Peninsula is located in the continent of Asia and bounded by (clockwise) the Persian Gulf on the northeast, the Strait of Hormuz and the Gulf of Oman on the east, the Arabian Sea on the southeast, the Gulf of Aden, Guardafui Channel and Somali Sea on the south, the Bab-el-Mandeb Strait on the southwest and the Red Sea, which is located on the southwest and west. Author: Lee Hudson Teslik June 4, 2008 With the immense popularity of Petra today, it’s hard to imagine that we don’t know much about its creators. Learning Objective. The Thar Desert, also known as the Great Indian Desert, is a large arid region in the northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent that covers an area of 200,000 km 2 (77,000 sq mi) and forms a natural boundary between India and Pakistan.It is the world's 17th largest desert, and the world's 9th largest hot subtropical desert.